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tv   Anthony Bourdain Parts Unknown  CNN  September 13, 2015 4:00pm-5:01pm PDT

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very, very difficult decision that no one wants to have and that is choose your job or choose your faith. >> do you worry about any potential conflict tomorrow when she reports to work? >> certainly i do worry about that. i spent a lot of time with kim and she's an amazing individual. she is someone who loves people. she loves god. she doesn't want to be in the situation. >> cnn will be live in kentucky monday morning. thank you so much for being with me. you can get the latest any time. coming up tonight, an anthony bourdain parts unknown marathon and it begins right now. i didn't even think about it. about death. but shooting at those things,
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anybody in the camera was shot. immediately. by a russian soldier. at that time, i didn't think about that. but i found that i had to think about it. >> you were alive and holding a camera at a very important time in history. you had to think, i'm doing something important. >> it's very easy to make pictures, but pictures mean something, what's in it. that's a totally different story. ♪ i took a walk through this beautiful world, felt the cool rain on my shoulder ♪ ♪ found something good in this
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beautiful world ♪ ♪ i felt the rain getting colder ♪ ♪ sha la la la la ♪ sha la la la la ♪ sha la la la la la la la la you know these images. you grew up with them. they're burned into your brain. they're iconic sequences. framed and lit and scene through the lens in ways that changed filmmaking forever. all made by the same man. so, who made these beautiful things? where did he come from?
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it didn't begin in hollywood. it began here, in the streets of budapest. what about his life, his past, his upbringing led him again and again to look through a piece of glass and make images like these. but first, some context. and schnitzel. did i mention schnitzel? >> it's beautiful here. they said that, of course, that budapest is beautiful. but it is, in fact, almost ludicrously beautiful.
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a riot of gorgeous architectural styles, palaces, grand public spaces, former mansions of various princelings, the remains of a long-gone empire, still here. still here. if there was such a thing as building porn, it would be this. just looking out the window as you drive or trolley by, you think, i want that. who lives there? who lived there? what's it like inside? and where did they go? from high up gellard hill, you get a sense of the layout of the city. divided, split by the danube river, buda on one side, phest on the other. hungary's capital literally divided in two. literally a crossroads of worlds. >> which is which?
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>> if you look down, you're in buda. if you look up, you're in phest. >> he's a budapest born poet and performance artist. >> according to the myth i was brought up, if you are in buda, you're in europe and the other side is asia. this is the border of the roman empire, originally. this big river. >> right here. >> yeah. >> why didn't they cross? >> the other side is flat, it's hard to defend and there were all these tribes that were
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vicious and not as civilized as the romans believed they were. >> they've all been here, the celts, the romans, the mongols, the ottoman turks. all had their way or tried. all left their mark to one extent or another. ♪ then mid-19th century, the curious, seemingly improbable austro-hungarian empire. this is when the city came into its open, fueled by untold
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wealth, accumulated power, and ambition. architecturally, intellectually, a great city. one of the world's greatest. >> and that was a time when budapest was a really progressive metropolis. the first subway in the continent of europe was in budapest. parliament had like a very sophisticated air-conditioning system. so people wanted to come, they wanted to live here, wanted to start a career. wanted to build places like this, because it was a good investment. >> the new york cafe is one of the last remnants of a society where artists and writers were valued citizens, regardless of financial means. >> when this cafe was built, there were more than 500 cafes in this neighborhood. and this was the biggest and nicest cafe in the world at the time. never to be closed. >> here, like in most cafes at that time, a few cents or a few bucks could buy you space all day long, sipping your coffee, thinking great thoughts. nobody would hassle you. it was a petri dish of creativity. no hipster neck beard barista would make you feel bad about not spending any dough. >> waiters were speaking several languages and you read literature and they invited the writer, occasionally, if he didn't have money, because they appreciated their literature. where are we now compared to there? >> don't try that now, of course. today's new york cafe patrons spend both their time and money on things like goose liver tegrine.
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foie gras is all over hungary. all over every menu. and it's good. real good. peter's going for the soup. >> if you looked like a writer, they would bring you paper and ink, bring you a dictionary. whatever you were looking for. also, most people didn't have telephones at home and you could be called here. you could get your mail. >> why do i want to attract
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writers? it's like, i need more jazz musicians on my register. >> it was a different time. it was not simply about the money. >> so it was about -- >> identity. yeah. >> we want to be the place that attracts the best and the brightest. >> yeah. >> even if they don't have money. >> yeah. >> those days will never return. >> yeah, those days will never return. >> lovely, thank you. >> for the main courses, peter gets the filet of perch. i'm going for the pork throttle stew, mostly because i like the sound of throttle. that is beautiful. that makes me very happy.
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>> if i were to ask most hungarians, when were the good old days? >> you would have the answer. >> this. >> of course, it's not all foie gras and fine wines. there are other pleasures, just as awesome. maybe, maybe even more awesome. like this. plesharda. a smokey, chilly working class joint run for the last 25 years and for obvious reasons, beloved by locals. and here's why. look at this. a golden brown pancake with chicken livers covered, nay, drowned with a rich, deeply satisfying sauce of bone marrow. >> i've got to tell you, this is great. some of you have noticed and complained that i don't really describe food anymore, on the show. this is a deliberate strategy on my part, actually. it's really a lot like writing porn. after you've used the same adjectives over and over, look at it, it's chicken liver, bone marrow, a delicious pancake. is this going to make your life better at all if i describe exactly how while smacking my lips and annoying you? no. it's good. ride that baby all the way home. >> yeah. oh, that's good. extra pork flavor. hints of three-day-old fryer grease. i could surf this thing back to my hotel. >> i kid you not. this is a testament to a great culture. also gout.
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we are, all of us, perhaps, called to serve a higher purpose. put here on earth to do god's mysterious will. daniel matta is here for this. to spread the gospel of meat. hungarian meat-related wisdom in all its delicious, delicious variety. like st. francis of assisi, he wanders the earth, doing good
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works. in this case, highlighting the ancient arts of butchery, sausage making, and the preparation of many of the lord's creatures. as he, himself, would no doubt like to see them prepared. >> what have you heard about budapest butchers? >> not much. >> we have about 70 butchers in budapest. >> 70? >> you can find us on a small corner with roasted meats. >> it's very -- >> in five minutes, you can find a butcher where you can eat something. >> and on this particular corner, one of daniel's favorites. >> so, you are not a butcher. you're not -- >> no, no. >> what is your -- what do you do? >> i am an economist. >> i understand it, you go from butcher shop from butcher shop, investigating butchers. why do you do that? >> because i like it. and i thought, i'm not alone with this. so we should make a fan club. and it started to rise on facebook. nearly 10,000 likes. >> it's so unusual that there are so many. because in france, germany, in
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the states, the old school butchers who know how to do all of these things, they're disappearing. their kids aren't doing it. >> it's not so easy to be a butcher now in hungary. but with this catering function -- >> doing prepared foods. >> they try to save themselves. >> yes, there are many boutique cuts of meat available, as one would expect from a master butcher. but then there's this. a field of dreams. a landscape of braised and fried and cured delights that seem, under glass, to go on forever. >> a good hungarian butcher shop, they should be able to cut meat, cure meat, make sausage, and cook preparations as well. >> yeah. >> look at that. there he goes. so beautiful. there's no comparison with a super market. plus, you can ask him, what's good today. >> today -- oh, look, what great timing. they're making one of my favorites. blood sausage. >> you have to say in english, because i can't. >> paprika.
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>> paprika. >> oregano. >> thyme. marjoram. all spice. >> here comes the rice. >> here comes the blood. >> here comes the blood. >> beautiful, so good. salt. >> and the sugar. i don't understand why. >> it makes flavors pop. beautiful. >> seasoned and right into the tube. >> dick jokes coming, stand by for dick jokes. >> all right. so what do we have here? oh, that looks good. some nice pickles. braised red cabbage. >> over there, from the mighty shanks of some mythical
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creature, perhaps, slow braced until the meat is falling off the bone. and let there be blood, delicious, delicious blood, in tube form, served, still steaming, nay, heaving, engorged, as you will, with goodness, to squirt across your plate as you press against it with the side of your fork. >> so delicious. so how often do you do this? >> two or three times a week. >> what distinguishes a good butcher from an okay butcher? >> i myself like all butchers. >> they're doing good business here. >> that is true. >> yeah? >> i can't tell you which is my favorite butcher. all of them are different. >> right. do you ever just go out for like a salad? >> no. >> i kid, i kid. >> there is another long tradition of artistry here in budapest. we grew up with their works. visual artists, photographers, filmmakers. where did they all go? well, world war i happened and
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with it, the end of the ostro-hungarian empire. budapest and all europe changed forever. a decades-long wave of emigration began. a stunning number of the world's great photographers fled their native hungary and took up new lives. eventually, this man joined them. >> i've been shooting photos since i remember i was living. i was 5 or 6 years old when i was taking pictures with my father's kodak camera. the right moment, you have to capture. and that's the difficult part the exact moment. hungarians, there is this need to excel. my father was not really an artist. he was a soccer player. a very good one. he said, son, whatever you do, you have to be the best at it. first, not second, you have to
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be first. otherwise it's not worth it. >> vilomo zigma. legendary cinematographer. if you don't know his name, you sure as hell know his work. the oscar-winning "close encounters." "the deer hunter." his absolutely evolutionary work on "mccabe and mrs. miller." "the long good-bye." "deliverance." he created a whole new palette, took crazy risks, changed film language in ways people still try to imitate. and he's making our camera crew
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very nervous, i can tell you. >> you taught yourself to shoot. >> basically, i always tried to use my father's kodak camera. it's a kidney disease. i was in bed for a month and an uncle of mine gave me a book about a great photographer. and i started to take just amateur pictures. >> one thing that hasn't changed
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through the years is the hungarian affection for taking the waters, marinading in thermal baths, a tradition going back to the romans, continued by the ottomans, and something that survived right through two wars and communism. and they do it in style. >> who came here? back in those days? was this reserved for anyone who wanted to could come here? >> well, you know, money wise, everyone before did basically what was cheap. >> right. >> in hungry, we have so many spas. >> there are many bathhouse spas. baroque, elaborately wedding cakes, built atop mineral rich hot springs gurgling from the earth. none more beautiful or storied than the geller. >> you arrived in budapest around age 21. what was the city like then? >> it was always beautiful. there were ruins after the war. half of the city was still in ruins. >> when you first moved here, you go to film school, what was your average day like other than your studies? what did you do for fun back then? what were your options? >> our options were zero. imagine, through the school, little help from the government.
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very little money. enough to have breakfast and lunch or breakfast and dinner. you had to skip lunch for a pair of socks. so we were very, very poor. but i must say that under this whole four years, the happiest part of my life was i was learning. so i fell in love, immediately. >> in fact, some of vilmos' most powerful and world-changing footage occurred around this time, before leaving hungary, as a film student during the outbreak of revolution. but we'll get to that later.
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in many ways, viloms zigma's career as one of the great photographers in cinematography begins here. about 200 kilometers south of budapest.
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here he was raised by his father, who worked many jobs to make ends meet. weekends in warmer months all over hungary, wherever there's a river and fish, places like this are thronged with families. and here along the tisza river is no exception. here, young vilmos and his dad would come and eat the local specialty of fish soup. how old were you when you first came to this place? >> i must have been about 7
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years old. you know, my father was really great. those days, years, actually, he didn't have much time, but occasionally, he wanted to take me away, away from work. he loved this place, actually. he loved this, especially this fish. >> that's murky and good-looking and need some bread for this, for sure. >> pike from the river simmered low and slow in a rich fish stock with healthy amount of onions and the near ubiquitous but always good paprika. >> that's good.
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>> on the summer, in the side. >> then go swimming in the river. it was a great place. used to be a great place for fun. >> and you know at night, we used to come here at night, when the gypsies were playing music. and i loved that, actually. i always loved gypsy music. they were playing hungarian
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songs. i had a very happy childhood. good times until, until the war got in and then stopped all that happiness, you know? there was just hard times. >> were you fully aware of how bad, how grave things were? >> near the end of the war, the germans came in and then started to bomb us. and they started to take jews, actually, to work in camps. that started to be very, very ugly. >> for people of your generation, who grew up, these were incredibly insecure times. psychologically, what do you think that teaches you as far as a world view? do you become more adaptable? do you become more suspicious? do you become more cynical? >> it's about survival, actually. we want to survive as hungarians, to preserve identity as hungarians. so that's what we did. and survived. >> he saw a lot as a young boy, as he would later, as an adult. in 1944, german tanks rolled into hungary. his country was now in the hands of a foreign power. and not for the last time. >> it made me thinking back to my school years. i almost said those were my happiest years of my life. being under a regime, terrible things happened. we were studying cinematography. being in the film school was like an island of the craziness. >> i grew up in new jersey. my family was sentimental about beautiful pictures, a beautiful script. we saw every film you ever shot and talked about them at the dinner table.
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these were important. this has got to look pretty close to the way it did in the old day, right? >> oh, yeah. didn't change much. >> through it all for vilmos was this place, however. a very special place for a boy growing up during wartime. the moviehouse where he saw his first films. >> what memorable films did you see in this theater? [ speaking german ] >> my probably best experience
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in my life, i was in hungary, see chaplain's "the dictator." >> democracy is fragrant. >> liberty stunk. >> liberty is odious. >> freedom of speech is objectionable. >> chaplain did such a great job, you know. >> some films, of course, resonated more than others. the power of the visual image intensified maybe by what was going on outside that dark room. films could be inspiring, but they could be dangerous. >> it was so magical, to go to a film, especially a dangerous one, one that was just the subject matter and the content was different and to see that just, oh, my god, what do i do with my life now after seeing this? >> this theater, by the way, is now named in his honor. ♪ we thought we'd be ready. but demand for our cocktail bitters was huge. i could feel our deadlines racing towards us.
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when you look at footage you took during the revolution, you're not in those pictures, but do you see yourself? do you remember what it felt like? >> i remember that i was actually scared to death. shooting those, going through there, should be. i found i had to photograph it. things were going from one side to the other side of the danube. >> there were tanks coming across this? >> well, yes, actually. it was a pretty cool, cold day, too. >> yeah. >> not this cold. but it was raining. it was bad weather. it was pretty much, you know, you could see what was happening in budapest. >> after the war, a cold war. hungary now found itself firmly in the grip of the soviet union.
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germans had been replaced by russian comisars. and their obedient hungarian functionaries. vilmos was now at film school along with his best friend, laszlo. then in 1956, something amazing happened. >> hated emblems of red tyranny went down as hungarian patriots for ten glorious days sent armored russians which pitted rifles against tanks. >> few blocks away, where the statue of stalin used to be under the first night, actually, when the revolution started, the people wanted to take the statue
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down. it took about a couple of hours, actually, to cut mr. stalin's legs off. and naturally, the next day, people took pieces home as a souvenir. >> to date, this was something that had never been done. the hungarians took to the streets. a revolution. that's when vilmos and laszlo and some pals snuck 35 millimeter cameras and film out of their school's equipment room, and at great risk to themselves, joined their countrymen in the streets, documenting the revolt and the aftermath. these images are from some of that historic footage. it seemed for ten glorious days, that freedom had finally come. encouraged by the west and by cia radio broadcasts in particular, the hungarians believed that help was on its way. that this was it. they dug in and fought. hoping to hold out until help arrived. on november 4th, a desperate plea went out over the air
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waves. >> this is hungary calling. this is hungary calling. for the sake of god and freedom, help hungary. >> the russians had been beaten back for a time, but now they doubled down with a vengeance, pouring tanks and troops and heavy armor back into budapest and brutally and all too effectively put down the resistance. help never came. >> this is a place where a lot of things happened. used to be the headquarters. i never shot this before, so this is about the first time i'm going to get this building shot. >> so this was the internal secret police, so if someone came at night with a van and he were taken away, you ended up being interrogated here? >> yes. >> secret police headquarters in 1956. the site of a firefight between snipers on the roof, and their fellow citizens below.
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>> then the people got into the building, went up there, hunted them down and killed them, actually, basically. and hanged them on the streets. >> hung them here. >> hung them on the street there. it's hard to find a tree which they hung those people up there. >> had you see people killed before the revolution? >> no. very tragic moment. >> the building is abandoned. the door, as it turns out, wide open. >> oh, wow. oh, look at that. >> it still feels sad. a little haunted, yeah? >> those were vicious times, you know.
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people's life was not really important to these people, they were cruel. picking up people at midnight and taking them somewhere. taking them to siberia. they killed so many people after that time, unfortunately. and they went through the film. people were in trouble, many were killed. 200,000 people, hungarians. >> how long did you stick around? >> almost three weeks. and that's when we realized that nothing is going to change. >> you left hungary with a lot of cans of film? >> as much as you could carry. we have just enough money to get to america.
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♪ the soundtrack to old
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budapest. the ubiquitous gypsy violin. found at one time in every cafe or restaurant. ♪ [ applause ] ♪ >> it's a hard life, that of a professional musician. as true a statement in budapest as anywhere. these guys are budapest bar, an eclectic troupe of extraordinary musicians united by their
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dedication to that uniquely hungarian crossroads of gypsy and classical music. ♪ ♪ >> so, what does a band do when the hour's late and sustenance and strong drink are required? it's back to the manager flat and his wife, andrea. and they play more music. >> do you be gypsy to play gypsy music? no hesitation. >> he says it's very rare that anybody who's not a gypsy can play gypsy music. in gypsy music, the whole lifestyle, the whole experience is in and kids start learning it when they are 2 or 3. at the time you are 8, you have all these ingredients in your blood.
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♪ ♪ >> marguite, a household name, also a fantastic cook. extraordinary singing talent does not preclude her from preparing whole perch roasted in bacon, stuffed cabbage filled with goose meat and slow cooked. and of course, the inevitable goulash. the iconic dish you see everywhere, but rarely as good as this. ♪
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>> thank you. should i put a little sour cream on there? >> yes. >> beautiful. thank you. >> she says it's her own special recipe. >> luxurious. if you're a musician and living in budapest right now. this is a good time to be a musician? >> never. >> it's not -- it's not a good time. depend on the view. >> it's very bad for the gypsy musicians generally speaking because it's dead. it's completely -- apart from things like budapest bar, gypsy music is extinct. >> it's heartbreak, is sadness an important part of this music? i mean, hungary is a country that has experienced a lot of heartbreak.
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>> so it is a lot of heartbreaks. it's a lot of difficulties, and -- and -- and there is another saying that the violin is crying, that the gypsy violin is crying and there is another one that even if we have joy we cry, the hungarian. ♪
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♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ tonight, vilmos has invited me to the home of his longtime a subconscious. a knack for predicting the future. reflexes faster than the speed of thought. can a business have a spirit? can a business have a soul?
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you may need a little help aftfalling asleep.day try new unisom sleepminis™ to get a good night's sleep and wake recharged. unisom sleepminis™. a stressful day deserves a restful night. tonight, vilmos has invited me to the home of his longtime friend and college in the film business. he met richie on set of a movie more than 20 years ago, and they have been friends and partners
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ever since. >> to your health. >> cheers. >> cheers. >> in hungary it's -- >> i'll never learn to pronounce that. [ speaking hungarian ] >> richie's wife maria, daughter judith, vilmos' wife susan, friends and family reunite for the best of simple pleasures. we start with a rich carroway and onion and paprika soup finished with homemade croutons and there's a deeply rich and deeply warming beef stew with smoked pork sausage for good measure and cooked for hours and, of course, heavy on the paprika, traditional cucumber salad. to accompany the stew, boiled dumplings. >> our style in photography was
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not realist. it's poetic realist. that's what we always thought about that certain photography, emphasizing basically the beauty of the things but also i make it more beautiful than it is. >> why is hungary so strong on photography? >> i think they are very strong in mathematics which was in the early days connected to photography. phil tells me about his education in math. it was totally different. >> very good school. >> that's what i said, the schools in hungary were very, very good. >> this is no kind of an answer to me. you've made some of the most beautiful images we have known
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in the modern world and you keep telling me i was good in school. i was good in math. >> what would you like to hear? >> i was touched by god, i don't know. i don't know. if you're regularly creating the sublime, i'm looking for a metaphysical answer, i don't know. >> you learn this. you learn to be an artist. >> so if i would ask you how was dinner? >> so deeply delicious. thank you. oh, really good, really good, wow. >> oh, thank you. >> what a great meal. thank you. >> do we emerge fully formed with a god-given eye? for pictures, images that can move people? or are we the end result of all the things we've seen, all the things we've done, the places we've been, the places, the people we've had to leave
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behind, all that's happened in your life? is it those things that bring the light or the the darkness to the blank screen? and what about the faces of those we capture in our magic lenses for a minute or a second or an hour? afterwards, should we think about them and where they might be now? ♪ i am so confused. it wasn't supposed to be like this.

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